Solid Waste Management and Social Mobilization

1. Prepare and implement Media Campaign and Community Awareness Plan (Under this plan various IEC materials are under development which aims to create public awareness)


2. Identification and mapping of stakeholders and categorizing, mapping and listing contracts of local community group, NGO's and other organization from Sundarijal to Sinamanagal section:

Solid Waste Management and Social Mobilization is one of the key activities of the project currently being implementated by IDS Nepal. It has been working for mobilization and awareness raising of basin stakeholders, mobilization of local communities, GESI-AP implementation and private sector mobilization and coordination. On the other side, Bagmati river system has improved a lot since couple of year and credit goes to government and non government organizations who have invested their regular time to clean the river system. The solid waste dumped in Bagmati is removed by the largest volunteered campaign that has already reached 200+ weekly events.

Volunteer’s campaign is one side of the river cleaning process, however, the attempts need sustainability and only the involvement of permanent institutions can continue this crucial attempt. Locals can stop the old practice of dumping the household waste in Bagmati, can join this movement and can take ownership of the beautified stretches of the river. In this connection, IDS team was assigned to identify the stakeholders of Bagmati.

This stakeholder’s identification study was done from November 2016 to March 2017. The entire study was designed to identify the stakeholders and institutions working to clean the river; or interested to contribute the river cleaning campaign in coming days. To initiate the study, the team had collected the secondary information from different sources including HPCIDBC, Ward offices, VDC office, Department of Education and District Education Office, Pashupati Area Development Trust (PADT) and many others. The primary lists were verified by Ward level stakeholders meeting.

Initially, total 1032 organizations were recorded in this cluster and the entire organizations were divided in to nine different categories like NGOs/INGOs, CBOs, Club, Mothers Groups, Schools, Park/Batika. IDS team organized total thirteen community meetings to identify more institutions working for the betterment of Bagmati and to verify the primary list of the institutions collected by mapping specialist. Similarly, it has prepared the updated GPS map of the project area.

Finally, the verification of the primary list of the institutions shows that there are 410 organizations currently active to improve the river system. Some of them have already been working on the improvement and many of them are willing to contribute. Among these 410 institutions, 76 are schools (both public and private), 212 Community Based Organizations (CBOs), 26 are Non Governmental Organizations, 12 are Park/Batika. Similarly the study shows that there are total 21 Government agencies in project area, 11 private organizations have been playing active role to clean/manage Bagmati River. The numbers of cooperative run by local in the project area are 32. Bagmati River has religious importance and we have identified 14 such religious institutions in the river basin. Guthi is another institution we have observed in the study and there are currently 6 such Gauthii in the study zone.

S.N Municipality Ward Total Institution Schools CBOs NGOs Park/ Batika Govt. Org Private Org Cooperatives Religious Org


1 Gokarnashewor Municipality 1,2,3,4,5,6,9,10,11,12,13,14,15 and 16 158 31 80 8 12 11 4 7 2 3
2 Kageshowari  Manohara Municipality 3,15,4,16,6,7,and 11 110 18 60 5 - 5 - 17 4 1
3 Kathmandu Metropolitan City 6,7,8,9 and 34 142 27 72 13 - 5 7 8 8 2
Total 410 76 212 26 12 21 11 32 14 6


List of the institutions
The study area covers the areas of KMC, GM and KMM that is the adjoining settlement of Bagmati River. Out of 410 institutions, 158 lies in Gokarneshowor Municipality, 110 are active in Kageshowori Manohara Municipality and 142 in Kathmandu Metropolitan City. These areas are very important for overall management; maintain the river scratches and public participation in the improvement activities.
(Check list of the institutions)

3. Prepare and Implement Community Interaction, Involvement and Participation Action Plan

4. Solid Waste Management Manual for Community use

5. Formation of NGO platform, capacity building of the platform; preparation of strategy and action plan of platform including constitution, bylaws and procedural guidelines for its functions

Following stakeholders mapping and verification of the information gathered by secondary data collection technique, IDS Nepal has accelerated its effort for the formation of the loose network of community institutions as civil society platform. The concept of this platform was rooted from Project Administration Manual and that aims to involve the public and community institutions for the management of river corridor after the beautification work. Currently, many community based organizations have been working for the protection of river corridor, building green zones.

In this connection, IDS Nepal in close consultation with BRBIP and some influential local institutions that mainly work for the betterment of Bagmati River, prepared a draft operating guideline of the proposed NGO platform and the proposed name of the institution is “Bagmati Sundarata Sarokar Manch” (Bagmati Beautification Concern Platform). A committee in each ward has been formed as a base of the institutions. The committee has been formed from the representatives of local institutions.

After the formation of ward level committee that ensures the participation of 117 locals. These 117 people were invited to discuss about the formation of apex body ward level committee on 16 April 2017. A daylong meeting concluded with formation of CSP’s central level ad-hoc committee. The team is coordinated by Uttam Pudasaini, well known Bagmati cleaning campaigner.

Glimpses of central level gathering held on 16 April 2017.

Figure 1 Central Committee members of Civil Society Platform

List of the executive Committee of Civil Society Platform central ad-hoc committee

Coordinator - Uttam Pudasaini
   Bipen Shrestha
   Govardan Bhandari
   Rekha Basnet
   Jitendra Raj Nagarkoti
   Nirjala Bhandari
   Dhan Bahadur Shrestha
   Devi Kharel
   Gita Timilsina
   Chakra B. Shrestha
   Asha Pandey
   Uma Gautam
   Shiva Ram Koirala

6. Prepare and implement GESI Action Plan

  • SWMSM team has already developed and submitted GESI Action Plan in close consultation with BRBIP.
  • Meeting conducted with Gender Focal Persons from ward level committees to get informed about their strength, gap and interest regarding gender and development, social mobilization and solid waste management skill.
  • One day GESI Orientation has conducted on 16th June 2017. The title of the orientation was- ‘Mainstreaming Women and Excluded Groups in SWM and Beautification of Bagmati’. There were total 51 participants in the orientation; among them 29 were women and 22 male. The participants of the orientation were gender focal persons and key personnel from the committees and Bagmati basin area.
  • Planning to conduct TOT on GESI and SWM in start of the September 2017.